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Economics of Irrigated Onion Production in the Fadama Areas of Gombe State, Nigeria

1Abdullahi, A.B., lbrahim, A. and 2Baba, A.S.
1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri.
2College of Education Jalingo, Taraba State.


ABSTRACT
Lack of adequate information is one of the constraints of most agricultural enterprises to break-even. Onion is a commercially important crop grown in the Fadama areas of northern Nigeria. This study examined the economics of onion production in the Fadama areas of Gombe state. Data were collected using structured questionnaire, administered to randomly selected 120 onion farmers in some purposively selected onion producing Local Government Areas. Descriptive statistics and Gross margin were the analytical techniques used. The study revealed that 39% of the farmers had farm size of between 1.1-1.5 hectares. Personal saving accounted for 46% of the source of fund for production. The cost and return analysis revealed that onion production is profitable, with gross margin of 41,228 per hectare. Non-availability of credit facilities, high cost of inputs and poor marketing facilities were the major constraints identified. It was recommended that financial institutions should provide special loan packages for dry season vegetable fanners at affordable interest rates. Farmers should also form cooperatives so as to pool capital and take advantage of economics of scale in the purchase of inputs and sales of produce.

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